Viral Spiral - How the Commoners Built a Digital Republic of Their Own, David Bollier

Table of Contents

Attribution

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS

INTRODUCTION

The Rise of Socially Created Value

The Commoners Build a Digital Republic of Their Own

The Rise of the Commoners

A New Type of Emergent Democracy?

PART I

Harbingers of the Sharing Economy

[Intro]

1 IN THE BEGINNING WAS FREE SOFTWARE

2 THE DISCOVERY OF THE PUBLIC DOMAIN

The Elusive Quest for “Balance”

The Great Expansion of Intellectual Property

Confronting the Proprietarian Juggernaut

A New Story About the Public Domain

What Is “Authorship”?

“You Have No Sovereignty Where We Gather”

3 WHEN LARRY LESSIG MET ERIC ELDRED

Larry Lessig’s Improbable Journey

Waging the Eldred Case

A Movement Is Born

PART II

The Rise of Free Culture

[Intro]

4 INVENTING THE CREATIVE COMMONS

What If . . . ?

Crafting the Licenses

Branding the Public Domain in Code

The Action Shifts to Palo Alto

5 NAVIGATING THE GREAT VALUE SHIFT

The Great Value Shift

The Endangered Economics of Centralized Media

The Economic Advantages of Open Media

Web 2.0: A New Breed of Participatory Media

Open Networks and the Long Tail

Another Vehicle for Niche Communities: The Commons

6 CREATORS TAKE CHARGE

DIY Videos and Film

Letting the Music Flow

Music as Remix

7 THE MACHINE AND THE MOVEMENT

Building the CC Machine

8 FREE CULTURE GOES GLOBAL

Brazil, the First Free Culture Nation

National Variations of a Global Idea

Laboratories of Free Culture

The Developing Nations License

The iCommons Network

9 THE MANY FACES OF THE COMMONS

Individual Choice Versus the Commons

Freedom, the Commons, and Movement Building

The Splintering of the Free World?

Criticism from the Left and from the South

Fair Use and the Creative Commons

PART III

A Viral Spiral of New Commons

[Intro]

10 THE NEW OPEN BUSINESS MODELS

Open Networks Spur New Business Models

Share the Wealth, Grow a Commercial Ecosystem

Open Content as a Gateway to Commercial Opportunities

Commoners as Co-creators of Value

Reintegrating the Sharing and Commercial Economies

11 SCIENCE AS A COMMONS

The Viral Spiral in Science

The Open-Access Movement

The Scholar’s Copyright Project

The Neurocommons

Open Physical Tools

12 OPEN EDUCATION AND LEARNING

MIT’s OpenCourseWare Initiative

The Rise of the Open Educational Resources Movement

CONCLUSION: THE DIGITAL REPUBLIC AND THE FUTURE OF DEMOCRATIC CULTURE

A New Species of Citizenship

A Long-Term Power Shift?

Endnotes

Book Index